If you think about things, Mars is closer to the Sun than it is to Jupiter (by almost 3 to 1), so if BOTH Earth and the Sun are in the same picture, well that would mean that Jupiter would be on the OTHER side of the sun, orbit-wise. That would make the distance just about 1AU under what Saturn is to Earth when it is it’s closest to us.
And on top of that we can’t see ANY planets during the daytime on Earth. Granted, Mars is a bit further away from the Sun than we are, but only 40% further, so the daytime brightness is lessened. But even with that, I would highly doubt that the relative size and brightness of each object as seen in that picture would be possible. (We have seen pictures of Earth and the Sun from mars, but never in the same photo)
WHY DO I CARE YOU ASK?
Well, sometimes the smallest things piss me right the fuck off and I have to blog about it.
(Edit: I realize I talked about the Sun instead of Venus in this, but the idea still holds.)